St Gregory's Minster, Kirkdale, North Yorkshire

Title

St Gregory's Minster, Kirkdale, North Yorkshire

Subject

Archaeology

Description

St Gregory's is an Anglo-Saxon Church located in Kirkdale near Kirkby Moorside in North Yorkshire. The present building preserves a considerable amount of early Anglo-Saxon crosses and sculptural fragments built into the fabric of the church, which date to around AD 750 and it is likely that a church existed on this site in the sixth century. The church is most famous for the Saxon sundial, which has been preserved under the porch. The sundial dates from approximately 1055 to 1065, and the inscription reads:

(left panel) ORM GAMAL SVNA BOHTE S[AN]C[TV]S GREVORIVS MINSTER DONNE HI T WES AEL TO BROK (right panel) CAN & TO FALAN & HE HIT LET MACAN NEWAN FROM GRVNDE XPE (Criste) & S[AN]C[TV]S GREGORI VS IN EADWARD DAGVM C[Y]NG & [I]N TOSTI DAGVM EORL

(text on the sundial): PIS IS DAEGES SOLMERCA AET ILCVM TIDE

(beneath the sundial): PR[E]S[BYTER] & HAWARD ME WROHTE & BRAND

Translation:

(panels left to right): Orm Gamal's Son bought St Gregory's Minster when it was all broken down and fallen and he let it be made anew from the ground to Christ and St Gregory, in Edward's days, the King and in Tosti's days, the Earl.

(text on the sundial): This is day's SUn marker at every tide.

(text beneath the sundial): And Haworth, me wrought and Brand priests.

Orm Gamal's son is almost certainly the Orm who owned Chircheby during the time of Edward the Confessor (recorded in the Doomesday Book). It is assumed that Chircheby is Kirkdale (though the name is also probably reflected in Kirkby Moorside). The individual Tosti the Earl in the sundial text is the same Tostig, Earl of Northumbria, brother of Harold Godwineson, who was killed at the battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066. He held the office of Earl of Northumbria from 1055 until 1065, and therefore the sundial must have been made between 1055 and 1065.

For further information on the sundial, see S. A. J. Bradley, Orm Gamalson's Sundial: The Lily's Blossom and the Roses' Fragrance (1997 Kirkdale Lecture).

St Gregory's Minster also preserves two early highly ornamented Anglo-Saxon grave covers in the nave as well as numerous other cross-slab and early sculptural fragments.

Creator

Kelly A. Kilpatrick

Date

Anglo-Saxon, Late Saxon, modern

Language

English

Date Created

2010-09-16

Files

Sundial c. 1055-1065, St Gregory's Minster
Anglo-Saxon grave cover, St Gregory's Minster
St Gregory's Minster
Anglo-Saxn grave covers and Sundial beneath the porch, St Gregory's Minster
Anglo-Saxon cross-slab fragment, St Gregory's Minster
Anglo-Saxon cross-slab fragment, St Gregory's Minster
Anglo-Saxon grave-slab, St Gregory's Minster
Anglo-Saxon grave slab, St Gregory's Minster
Early Anglo-Saxon grave-slab cover, St Gregory's Minster
Early Anglo-Saxon grave-slab cover, St Gregory's Minster
Early Anglo-Saxon grave-slab cover, St Gregory's Minster
Early Anglo-Saxon grave-slab cover, St Gregory's Minster
detail of the side ornamentation, Early Anglo-Saxon grave-slab cover, St Gregory's Minster
early sculptured work, St Gregory's Minster
Anglo-Saxon free standing cross preserved in the south side of the church
Anglo-Saxon free standing cross preserved in the south side of the church
Anglo-Saxon door in the west end of the nave, St Gregory's Minster
Anglo-Saxon pillars and door, St Gregory's Minster
Anglo-Saxon free standing cross built into the fabric of the west end of the church, St Gregory's Minster
Anglo-Saxon free standing cross built into the fabric of the west end of the church, St Gregory's Minster
Anglo-Saxon sculptured fragment built into the exterior beneath the window fo the chancel, St Gregory's Minster
Anglo-Saxon sculptured fragment, east end of St Gregory's Minster
view of the east end of St Gregory's Minster

Citation

Kelly A. Kilpatrick, “St Gregory's Minster, Kirkdale, North Yorkshire,” Woruldhord, accessed October 23, 2017, http://poppy.nsms.ox.ac.uk/woruldhord/items/show/355.

Geolocation